The COVID-19 infection is caused due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. While most COVID-19 sufferers recover within a few weeks, some individuals — even those with moderate symptoms — could experience symptoms for a very long time. Some terms used to describe these persistent health issues are post-COVID-19 syndrome, post-COVID conditions, long-term COVID-19, and post-acute sequelae of SARS-COV-2 infection (PASC).
It is not uncommon for people previously infected by COVID-19 to suffer from post-COVID problems. People with Long Covid may experience symptoms that last for weeks, months, or even years. People may appear to recover from COVID-19 in some situations, but their symptoms may later reappear. Within a few months of having COVID-19, one may also experience new symptoms or health issues.
The heart, kidneys, skin, and brain may suffer organ damage in people who experienced severe COVID-19-related sickness. Due to Covid 19, inflammation and immunity issues can also develop. How long the COVID symptoms might last following the infection is unknown. Long-term illness may cause new ailments like diabetes or problems with the heart or neurological system.
Some Common Long COVID Symptoms
People who experience new, recurring, or continuous symptoms more than four weeks after catching COVID-19 are said to have the long COVID. Long covid can cause incapacity or last for months or years in some people.
If you have had a severe illness with COVID-19, especially if you require hospitalisation or intensive care, you may be more likely to develop long covid symptoms. Before getting diagnosed with post-COVID syndrome, other illnesses should be ruled out, especially those that damage your organs and tissues, including multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Additionally, it seems that adults are more likely than kids and teenagers to experience the post-COVID-19 syndrome. However, even those who have COVID-19 but have only minor illnesses or no symptoms may still experience long-term repercussions.
The following list of post-COVID-19 syndrome symptoms is most frequently reported:
- Fatigue and low grade fever
- Symptoms that worsen following an exertion of the body or mind
- Respiratory complaints such as coughing and trouble breathing or shortness of breath
- neurological symptoms or mental health conditions, such as anxiety, difficulty concentrating or thinking, headache, sleep issues, vertigo, etc
- Muscle or joint pain
- Chest pain
- Brain fog and memory problems
- High blood pressure
- intestinal signs and symptoms, such as diarrhoea and stomach ache
- Blood clots and blood vessel problems
- The appearance of skin rashes
- Changes in the menstrual cycle
Remember that it can be challenging to determine whether your symptoms are brought on by COVID-19 or another factor, such as a pre-existing medical condition. Some of the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome and other long-term conditions that follow infections are comparable. Extreme exhaustion caused by chronic fatigue syndrome worsens with exercise or mental effort but doesn’t improve with rest.
Lifestyle modifications for managing symptoms
Since Covid is a relatively new virus, there aren’t many medicines that could be effective against it. But there is already information on how one’s lifestyle can benefit from post-viral fatigue syndrome, which may be similar. Unfortunately, there isn’t much you can do to prevent lung scarring, but there are several ways to heal the immune system after a Covid infection has compromised it.
After a Covid infection, you should exercise moderately and be careful not to overdo it on good days if you want to be as fit and healthy as possible. This might include moving carefully and gently. Avoid smoking, use alcohol in moderation if you can’t entirely avoid it, and ensure you drink enough water and stay hydrated. Counselling might be helpful if you’re experiencing excessive anxiety or depression. Fortunately, there is already a lot of knowledge about how diet and moderate physical activity can help with persistent fatigue, which can also help ease the symptoms of long-term Covid, even though the cause of persistent Covid symptoms is unclear. The best treatment options are, as of yet, unproven.
It is commonly known that a plant-based diet can reduce inflammatory effects. A plant-based diet can help with long-COVID symptoms such as fatigue, sleeplessness, and musculoskeletal discomfort. Additionally, it offers an abundance of antioxidants, phytochemicals, and vitamins to boost the immune system. The host gut microbiomes seem to benefit from a plant-based, high-fibre diet to improve the immune system.
You can find several sources of protein-rich foods and healthy fats in a plant-based diet. Additionally, following a plant-based diet does not preclude eating items with animal byproducts. Omega-3, omega-6, and other necessary amino acids can be added benefits of eating animal foods. Every day, eat at least five portions of different fruits and vegetables. Consume 30 g or more of fibre each day—whole grains, non-starchy vegetables, and primarily dietary fibre-rich pulses. Replace processed meats with sources of healthful fat, such as oily fish, olives, nuts, and seeds, and occasionally with high-protein foods.
Get adequate sleep
One of the symptoms of the illness known as extended COVID that is frequently noted is difficulty sleeping. A study found that, following COVID-19 infection, chronic sleeplessness was the most frequent sleep disturbance. You can, however, get rid of insomnia with lifestyle adjustments, therapies, and other treatments. You might have been tempted to try a sleep aid like CBD for headache and insomnia if you struggle with sleep. Although the exact mechanism of action of CBD in the body is unclear, it is believed to reduce inflammation, which may help with pain relief, and relax the central nervous system, which may help with anxiety and sleeplessness.
CBD for Long Covid
Cannabidiol, sometimes known as CBD, is a non-intoxicating chemical made by the cannabis plant. It is secure and well-tolerated when taken orally as an oil or capsule after being extracted from the plant. CBD might be sedating when taken in high dosages, depending on your sensitivity. However, this is the ideal outcome for treating symptoms like insomnia or trouble falling asleep. Daytime side effects are not anticipated when a physician administers the recommended dosage.
CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors in the neurological, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, immunological, and endocrine systems. Taking CBD for energy can help you with fatigue, drowsiness, and other symptoms. The anti-inflammatory effects of CBD may alleviate some of the more unpleasant long-COVID symptoms.
How does CBD work for Long-COVID symptoms?
Long-COVID does not currently have therapy or cure, although CBD can be used to manage some of its symptoms. This includes, among other things, aches and pains in the muscles and joints, headaches, sleeplessness, lack of appetite, trouble concentrating, mood swings, stress, restlessness, anxiety, PTSD, exhaustion, and depression. Using CBD for headache and other COVID symptoms without a cure significantly`, if nothing else has helped you, may be worth looking into. This is especially true if you have a variety of Long-COVID symptoms. Speaking with your doctor before taking CBD in any form if you are on any medications is best because CBD can interact with other medicines.
The multi-inflammatory, multi-organ disease known as long COVID is thought to last for months or even years. Long COVID can happen after severe symptoms, relatively mild acute illness, or even after asymptomatic infection, depending on the initial severity of the condition. While taking supplements like CBD for energy and headache relief can help, always peak with your doctor if you experience post-COVID-19 syndrome symptoms. You may be prescribed a complete blood count or a liver function test, including additional tests or treatments, like a chest X-ray. Your healthcare professional will develop a treatment plan depending on your symptoms and any test results. You might also gain by interacting with people in a support group and exchanging resources.